Breast Cancer Detection Techniques

Breast Cancer Detection Techniques

People around the world have become very conscious of the fact that cancer has swept the world.  They want to make sure that they aren’t at risk.  One of the most common questions that is asked, is how is breast cancer detected?  Let’s take a look at some of the modern breast cancer detection techniques that are out there. Physical Breast Examination The first test that is usually given to determine if breast cancer is present is a physical breast examination.  The breast is felt with a gloved hand to determine if any lumps are present.  A doctor will perform this at every physical examination.  Women are encouraged to perform their own physical breast examinations at home too.  If anything out of the normal is detected, further tests will be conducted. Mammograms A mammogram is an x-ray photograph that is taken of a woman’s breast or breasts.  These x-ray images are taken when it isn’t suspected that a woman has cancer.  They are taken regularly in order to attempt to detect cancer in its earliest stages.  If a mammogram catches cancer early, the chances of being able to successfully treat it go up significantly. Ultrasound An ultrasound is a test that is similar to an x-ray, it allows a doctor to image inside a woman’s breast.  If an abnormality is discovered further tests will be used to detect cancer.  Also like a mammogram, ultrasounds can be utilized to catch cancer early.  An ultrasound is also used to detect and image a baby in a mother’s womb. Blood Cell Count A blood test can be used to determine whether or...
What Does DIEP Flap Breast Reconstruction Involve?

What Does DIEP Flap Breast Reconstruction Involve?

DIEP flap is a type of breast reconstruction procedure that involves blood vessels that are called deep inferior epigastric perforators (DIEP). In this procedure, the DIEP, together with all connected skin and fat, are removed from the lower abdomen, and transferred to the chest using microsurgery, in order to reconstruct a breast after mastectomy. A DIEP flap reconstruction surgery is a major, and not to mention, complex surgery.After the operation, one is likely to be advised to stay in the hospital for about 5 more days for careful monitoring. It’s important to note that in a DIEP flap breast reconstruction, no muscle will be used to rebuild the breast. Because of this, the procedure is likely to have a higher rate of recovery among women. Moreover, it is also likely to have a lower occurrence of abdominal muscle weakness. Because skin, fat, and blood vessels will be removed from the abdomen to be transferred to the chest, it is expected that the DIEP flap procedure will leave one’s abdomen flatter and tighter. It is also expected to leave a horizontal scar across one’s abdomen, as well as on the reconstructed breast, as these two are areas of incision. When it comes to the recovery time, it usually takes about 6-8 weeks for the abdomen to completely heal. During this healing period, doctors typically recommend the use of a post-surgical compression girdle, which can promote healing both to the abdominal skin and tissues. Once healed, no restrictions on physical activity are set. In fact, the DIEP flap procedure is known to promote a stronger abdominal wall, which is considered be...