What is Triple Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer?

Triple negative metastatic breast cancer refers to two things: a particular type of breast cancer, and how far that breast cancer has advanced. To help you understand the term, Breast Reconstruction Associates needs to break it down and look at each portion by itself. Triple negative breast cancer Breast cancer may be discussed as a single disease, but it’s actually more of a loose collection of similar ailments. In so-called triple negative breast cancer, the cancer is at least partially of a type lacking hormone receptors or HER2/neu receptors. In other words, it’s negative for oestrogen receptors, negative for progesterone receptors, and negative for HER2/neu receptors. Between 14 and 20% of breast cancers test triple negative. This is important because of the role these receptors play in treatment. The targeted treatments used for other breast cancers won’t work on a triple negative breast cancer, leaving only standard treatments such as surgery, chemo, and radiation. This means that triple negative breast cancers are regarded as a more aggressive breast cancer, with a worse prognosis. Even more treatable forms of triple negative breast cancer are more likely to impact quality of life, due to the issues inherent to general cancer treatments. The ‘metastatic’ part of the term is used for all cancers, and refers to a cancer which has spread – metastasized – to other parts of the body. This is the same condition frequently referred to as Stage IV cancer or advanced cancer. A metastatic breast cancer is no longer limited to the tissues and nearby lymph nodes of the breasts. This makes treatment more difficult and greatly worsens prognosis;...
When Does Capsular Contracture Occur?

When Does Capsular Contracture Occur?

  Capsular contracture is a complication of breast augmentation. It occurs when the body’s immune response perceives a breast implant as a foreign object, thereby forming thick tissue fibers, which encase the implant. Either one breast or both can be affected. This complication can occur at any time following breast surgery, but is most common several weeks post-surgery, rather than years down the line. Signs and symptoms Increased firmness of the breast Breast implants appear to ride high The breast implant looks distorted, usually with a roundness to it Tightness and firmness which brings discomfort and even pain The breast implant has little to no mobility Breasts feel heavy If any of these signs or symptoms are felt or perceived, it is highly advised to contact a top Dallas breast reconstruction surgeon for a full evaluation, and further, to decide on an effective solution. Capsular contracture does not cause irreversible damage, but the surgical option available is complex and requires a professional board certified reconstructive surgeon. Breast reconstruction Dallas experts, Breast Reconstruction Associates, is known for extensive experience, and specializing in performing the deep inferior epigastric perforator flap, commonly known as the (DIEP flap) which is the primary method of reconstructing breasts damaged through capsular contracture. Treatment The DIEP flap is the recommended treatment option for capsular contracture. The breast is reconstructed entirely with the patient’s own lower abdominal tissue, which is natural, so there aren’t any implant concerns. Surgeon technique is crucial to the final look of the breast and to recovery time as well. Breast reconstruction is an involved and complex task. So is finding the right...
What to Do: Breast Lump with Pain and Redness

What to Do: Breast Lump with Pain and Redness

Breast pain for women is a relatively common phenomenon. From the moment a person experiences her menstrual period to the moment that she experiences menopause, instances of breast pain can be considered normal. However, when breast pain is accompanied by redness or a lump, this may need medical attention. Symptoms of Breast Infection One of the common causes of breast pain that is accompanied by redness and lumps is mastitis, also known as breast infection. Typically, this occurs among women who are breastfeeding. When the baby feeds, the nipple can become cracked, which serves as an entry point for bacteria coming from the baby’s mouth. When bacteria enters through the nipple, the tissue within the breast may become infected. For women who are not lactating, breast infection may still occur especially when one has a weak immune system brought about by radiation therapy or diabetes. When mastitis occurs, the breast becomes swollen, painful, and lumpy. Other symptoms include itching, nipple discharge, and fever. In such a case, it is important for you to visit your doctor so that you may be given appropriate medical intervention. For not so severe cases, you may be prescribed with some self-care tips and home remedies, which may include applying warm compress on the breast and taking antibiotics and anti-inflammatory medications, both to help with the pain. For more severe cases, you may need to undergo an incision if there is abscess formation due to severe infection. Signs and Symptoms of Breast Cancer According to the National Breast Cancer Organization, every person should know the signs and symptoms of breast cancer. This way one...
Looking for the Best Breast Reconstruction Surgeons in Texas?

Looking for the Best Breast Reconstruction Surgeons in Texas?

  After mastectomy, a high percentage of women choose to undergo breast reconstruction surgery. Breast reconstruction surgery after mastectomy doesn’t only have aesthetic benefits, but it also provides significant, positive impact on their self-esteem and quality of life. For most women, the highest difficulty they face when going through the process of breast reconstruction is finding the best breast reconstruction surgeon in their area. What are the top things to consider when looking for a breast reconstruction surgeon? Especially if you’re from Texas and you’re looking to have your breast reconstruction in Austin, you’re going to want to read on. 1. Credentials Credentials give you an idea of the extent of skill that a surgeon has. The best reconstruction surgeons are board certified by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons or the American Board of Medical Specialties. 2. Techniques There are different types of breast reconstruction procedures. The breast reconstruction that you need may be a transverse upper gracilis flap (TUG), a deep inferior epigastric artery perforator flap (DIEP), or a transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap (TRAM). It is important to discuss your breast reconstruction procedure with your surgeon of choice. This is because the best reconstruction surgeon for you is one who is well-versed with the procedure required for you. For example, a DIEP procedure requires skill and extensive experience not just in plastic surgery or reconstructive surgery, but also in microsurgery, since it requires having to reattach blood vessels. Keep in mind that it may be difficult to find a plastic surgeon who offers and excels at every type of reconstruction procedure there is. This is why...
Breast Cancer Detection Techniques

Breast Cancer Detection Techniques

  People around the world have become very conscious of the fact that cancer has swept the world.  They want to make sure that they aren’t at risk.  One of the most common questions that is asked, is how is breast cancer detected?  Let’s take a look at some of the modern breast cancer detection techniques that are out there. Physical Breast Examination The first test that is usually given to determine if breast cancer is present is a physical breast examination.  The breast is felt with a gloved hand to determine if any lumps are present.  A doctor will perform this at every physical examination.  Women are encouraged to perform their own physical breast examinations at home too.  If anything out of the normal is detected, further tests will be conducted. Mammograms A mammogram is an x-ray photograph that is taken of a woman’s breast or breasts.  These x-ray images are taken when it isn’t suspected that a woman has cancer.  They are taken regularly in order to attempt to detect cancer in its earliest stages.  If a mammogram catches cancer early, the chances of being able to successfully treat it go up significantly. Ultrasound An ultrasound is a test that is similar to an x-ray, it allows a doctor to image inside a woman’s breast.  If an abnormality is discovered further tests will be used to detect cancer.  Also like a mammogram, ultrasounds can be utilized to catch cancer early.  An ultrasound is also used to detect and image a baby in a mother’s womb. Blood Cell Count A blood test can be used to determine whether...
What Does DIEP Flap Breast Reconstruction Involve?

What Does DIEP Flap Breast Reconstruction Involve?

  DIEP flap is a type of breast reconstruction procedure that involves blood vessels that are called deep inferior epigastric perforators (DIEP). In this procedure, the DIEP, together with all connected skin and fat, are removed from the lower abdomen, and transferred to the chest using microsurgery, in order to reconstruct a breast after mastectomy. A DIEP flap reconstruction surgery is a major, and not to mention, complex surgery.After the operation, one is likely to be advised to stay in the hospital for about 5 more days for careful monitoring. It’s important to note that in a DIEP flap breast reconstruction, no muscle will be used to rebuild the breast. Because of this, the procedure is likely to have a higher rate of recovery among women. Moreover, it is also likely to have a lower occurrence of abdominal muscle weakness. Because skin, fat, and blood vessels will be removed from the abdomen to be transferred to the chest, it is expected that the DIEP flap procedure will leave one’s abdomen flatter and tighter. It is also expected to leave a horizontal scar across one’s abdomen, as well as on the reconstructed breast, as these two are areas of incision. When it comes to the recovery time, it usually takes about 6-8 weeks for the abdomen to completely heal. During this healing period, doctors typically recommend the use of a post-surgical compression girdle, which can promote healing both to the abdominal skin and tissues. Once healed, no restrictions on physical activity are set. In fact, the DIEP flap procedure is known to promote a stronger abdominal wall, which is considered...