What to Do: Breast Lump with Pain and Redness

What to Do: Breast Lump with Pain and Redness

Breast pain for women is a relatively common phenomenon. From the moment a person experiences her menstrual period to the moment that she experiences menopause, instances of breast pain can be considered normal. However, when breast pain is accompanied by redness or a lump, this may need medical attention. Symptoms of Breast Infection One of the common causes of breast pain that is accompanied by redness and lumps is mastitis, also known as breast infection. Typically, this occurs among women who are breastfeeding. When the baby feeds, the nipple can become cracked, which serves as an entry point for bacteria coming from the baby’s mouth. When bacteria enters through the nipple, the tissue within the breast may become infected. For women who are not lactating, breast infection may still occur especially when one has a weak immune system brought about by radiation therapy or diabetes. When mastitis occurs, the breast becomes swollen, painful, and lumpy. Other symptoms include itching, nipple discharge, and fever. In such a case, it is important for you to visit your doctor so that you may be given appropriate medical intervention. For not so severe cases, you may be prescribed with some self-care tips and home remedies, which may include applying warm compress on the breast and taking antibiotics and anti-inflammatory medications, both to help with the pain. For more severe cases, you may need to undergo an incision if there is abscess formation due to severe infection. Signs and Symptoms of Breast Cancer According to the National Breast Cancer Organization, every person should know the signs and symptoms of breast cancer. This way one...
Looking for the Best Breast Reconstruction Surgeons in Texas?

Looking for the Best Breast Reconstruction Surgeons in Texas?

  After mastectomy, a high percentage of women choose to undergo breast reconstruction surgery. Breast reconstruction surgery after mastectomy doesn’t only have aesthetic benefits, but it also provides significant, positive impact on their self-esteem and quality of life. For most women, the highest difficulty they face when going through the process of breast reconstruction is finding the best breast reconstruction surgeon in their area. What are the top things to consider when looking for a breast reconstruction surgeon? Especially if you’re from Texas and you’re looking to have your breast reconstruction in Austin, you’re going to want to read on. 1. Credentials Credentials give you an idea of the extent of skill that a surgeon has. The best reconstruction surgeons are board certified by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons or the American Board of Medical Specialties. 2. Techniques There are different types of breast reconstruction procedures. The breast reconstruction that you need may be a transverse upper gracilis flap (TUG), a deep inferior epigastric artery perforator flap (DIEP), or a transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap (TRAM). It is important to discuss your breast reconstruction procedure with your surgeon of choice. This is because the best reconstruction surgeon for you is one who is well-versed with the procedure required for you. For example, a DIEP procedure requires skill and extensive experience not just in plastic surgery or reconstructive surgery, but also in microsurgery, since it requires having to reattach blood vessels. Keep in mind that it may be difficult to find a plastic surgeon who offers and excels at every type of reconstruction procedure there is. This is why...
Breast Cancer Detection Techniques

Breast Cancer Detection Techniques

  People around the world have become very conscious of the fact that cancer has swept the world.  They want to make sure that they aren’t at risk.  One of the most common questions that is asked, is how is breast cancer detected?  Let’s take a look at some of the modern breast cancer detection techniques that are out there. Physical Breast Examination The first test that is usually given to determine if breast cancer is present is a physical breast examination.  The breast is felt with a gloved hand to determine if any lumps are present.  A doctor will perform this at every physical examination.  Women are encouraged to perform their own physical breast examinations at home too.  If anything out of the normal is detected, further tests will be conducted. Mammograms A mammogram is an x-ray photograph that is taken of a woman’s breast or breasts.  These x-ray images are taken when it isn’t suspected that a woman has cancer.  They are taken regularly in order to attempt to detect cancer in its earliest stages.  If a mammogram catches cancer early, the chances of being able to successfully treat it go up significantly. Ultrasound An ultrasound is a test that is similar to an x-ray, it allows a doctor to image inside a woman’s breast.  If an abnormality is discovered further tests will be used to detect cancer.  Also like a mammogram, ultrasounds can be utilized to catch cancer early.  An ultrasound is also used to detect and image a baby in a mother’s womb. Blood Cell Count A blood test can be used to determine whether...
What Does DIEP Flap Breast Reconstruction Involve?

What Does DIEP Flap Breast Reconstruction Involve?

  DIEP flap is a type of breast reconstruction procedure that involves blood vessels that are called deep inferior epigastric perforators (DIEP). In this procedure, the DIEP, together with all connected skin and fat, are removed from the lower abdomen, and transferred to the chest using microsurgery, in order to reconstruct a breast after mastectomy. A DIEP flap reconstruction surgery is a major, and not to mention, complex surgery.After the operation, one is likely to be advised to stay in the hospital for about 5 more days for careful monitoring. It’s important to note that in a DIEP flap breast reconstruction, no muscle will be used to rebuild the breast. Because of this, the procedure is likely to have a higher rate of recovery among women. Moreover, it is also likely to have a lower occurrence of abdominal muscle weakness. Because skin, fat, and blood vessels will be removed from the abdomen to be transferred to the chest, it is expected that the DIEP flap procedure will leave one’s abdomen flatter and tighter. It is also expected to leave a horizontal scar across one’s abdomen, as well as on the reconstructed breast, as these two are areas of incision. When it comes to the recovery time, it usually takes about 6-8 weeks for the abdomen to completely heal. During this healing period, doctors typically recommend the use of a post-surgical compression girdle, which can promote healing both to the abdominal skin and tissues. Once healed, no restrictions on physical activity are set. In fact, the DIEP flap procedure is known to promote a stronger abdominal wall, which is considered...
What Is Diep Flap?

What Is Diep Flap?

  Diep flap is a type of breast reconstruction that is offered to breast cancer survivors and breast cancer patients who have had to undergo a mastectomy or a double mastectomy.  The process is relatively new and has replaced a procedure called TRAM flap.  Diep Flap stands for Deep Inferior Epigastric Artery Perforator.  Here are the details about Diep flap in Austin and around the world. Diep flap is a process during which, skin is taken from the abdomen area and attached to the breast area where a mastectomy has been performed.  The lower abdomen is chosen because there is often excess skin in that area that is easy for surgeons to use without posing any great harm to the patient.  For double mastectomy patients, the surgeons must have enough skin to work with in order to use Diep flap to reconstruct both breasts. The process of Diep flap is quite realistic.  Women who undergo this procedure often end up with a very realistic breast reconstruction.  Some women may require a second procedure after the Diep flap is complete to help shape the reconstructed breast and to give it a touch up on the sizing.  This is because surgery can often time cause swelling and other issues that will make the initial process slightly off. Diep flap in Dallas and the rest of the world is very important because it helps women gain back something that they lost during the battle for cancer.  This small gain can help give them the spirit to continue the fight and become one of the growing number of cancer survivors.  It can also...
When Should You See A Breast Reconstruction Surgeon?

When Should You See A Breast Reconstruction Surgeon?

  When it comes to breast reconstruction after mastectomy, timing is very important. While many people advocate and encourage immediate reconstruction – reconstruction at the same time as the mastectomy surgery – it is not always feasible and advisable. One major determinant of the timing of reconstructive breast surgery is the stage of the breast cancer. In stage I or stage II breast cancer, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and other targeted therapies may not be necessary after the mastectomy. In such cases, it is advisable that immediate reconstruction be performed. However, in stage III or stage IV breast cancer, delaying the reconstruction is often advised because radiation therapy and chemotherapy are usually needed. Reconstructive breast surgery usually requires extra healing time; therefore, radiation therapy or chemotherapy will be unduly delayed. Another problem that arises if immediate reconstruction is performed in the presence of stage III or stage IV breast cancer is that radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and other targeted therapies tend to cause a reconstructed breast to lose volume, change in color and texture, and inevitably, cause undesirable changes to its overall appearance. This means that having such therapies after reconstruction will defeat the very purpose of the reconstruction. Hence, surgeons advise their patients to wait until radiation and chemotherapy are finished before having their breast reconstruction. Your overall health is another factor that largely determines the timing of the your breast reconstruction. In the presence of diabetes, a circulatory disorder, a bleeding problem, or other comorbidities, you will likely be first advised to recover completely from your mastectomy before having the reconstruction. Therefore, the timing of your reconstructive breast surgery...